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What are the rules of blackjack?

December 01, 2021

What are the Basics?

Blackjack is easily one of the most exciting and popular card games played in casinos and gambling arenas around the world. The main aim of the game is to get a hand amounting to a value of 21 or less but greater than the dealer's value. You will need to visit the betting area to place your bets. Understanding some common blackjack rules can help you start playing the game.

You will have a blackjack right off the bat if the total of your first two cards is 21 (with a combination of an ace and a face card or 10). If your cards add up to any other number, you can either "stay" or "draw." There is no reason to stop drawing cards at your turn until you are satisfied with your hand. After all the players have had their respective turns, the dealer will then draw a new card to create a blackjack hand. Blackjack strategies and rules state that the target to be reached is a minimum of 17, and cards will need to be drawn until it is reached.

Blackjack Rules

You can play blackjack with traditional card decks of 52 cards. It is also common to use four, six, and sometimes eight decks. After shuffling the cards, the dealer places them in a special container called a "shoe" to be dealt out as needed.

After all bets are placed on the table, players and the dealer are dealt two cards each. The players' cards are all dealt face up, whereas only one card is dealt face up for the dealer. The card facing down is known as the "hole" card.

Players can choose to take insurance if the dealer's face-up card turns out to be an ace. This insurance is a type of side bet that can't exceed half the original bet. Insurance will pay up 2:1 if the dealer hits blackjack, as per blackjack rules. The dealer can quickly peek at his face-down card. If it is a 10-value card or an ace, the dealer will turn it over as soon as they notice it. All bets will then automatically lose unless another player announces a blackjack, resulting in a "push."

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Blackjack rules state that each player can choose the method of playing out their hands and whether they want to "stand," "split," "hit," "surrender," or "double down." We'll discuss what these mean later on.

The dealer's play is restrictive, and they play last. As per blackjack rules, dealers should draw more cards as long as their hand equals 16 or less and should stand on 17 or more. They can also draw to the concept of "soft 17s," wherein the total includes an ace that can be counted as either 1 or 11.

Once all cards are drawn, the player who has an overall hand closest to 21 as compared to the dealer is the winner. The total should not exceed 21. If the dealer and the player both have hands with an equal value, it is considered to be a tied hand, and you can get back your original bet. Other than getting blackjack, winning bets get paid 1/1. Blackjack will secure you 3/2. If you and the dealer have blackjack, it's a push, and blackjack rules say you get your bet back, no win or loss to you.

What Are the Basics of Blackjack?

After you place your bets at the betting table, you will need to get a value lower than 21 and higher than your dealer's. If you get 21 with an ace and a 10-value card, you have got a blackjack. The maximum and minimum bets you can place at most gambling centers are $500 and $5, respectively.

What Are the Card Values?

All number cards in blackjack are considered at their respective face value as per blackjack rules. The jack, queen, and king (face cards) have values of 10 each, while an ace can be either 11 or 1. It's 1 when it gives the dealer or player a total score over 21. Card suits don't matter; numerical values do.

What Are the Game Order and Game Options?

The dealer deals cards from left to right, dealing a face-up card to each player and a face-down card for themselves. The next round is a face-up card to every player in the same order as before, followed by a face-up card for themselves. Blackjack rules deem that the cards have to be laid out in a diagonal way such that the numbers on every card are fully visible.

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To "stand" or to "hit" are the two main options in a game of blackjack. Blackjack rules allow players to ask their dealer for an extra card during their turn in the game. This can be a verbal request or by the gesture of tapping the table and is called a "hit" request. Players can also choose to hold their total and miss a turn. This is called the "stand" request and is characterized by a horizontal wave of the hand.

What Are the Dealer Options?

Dealers lead the game and have several options throughout it, such as choosing to report card counting and other illegal or suspicious activity and assisting in totaling of cards for players.

What Are Some of the Terms of Blackjack?

  • Hit - Asking your dealer for another card.

  • Stand, stay, or stick - Not asking for any more cards.

  • Split - This can only be taken if the first two cards you are dealt are of equal value. You will now have two hands to play, each carrying your original wager.

  • Surrender - You have the choice to surrender immediately after your dealer checks if they have a blackjack. The house will take 50% of the player's bet, and half is given back to the player, ending the hand.

  • Blackjack - The perfect hand with an ace and a 10-value card, together totaling 21.

  • Cold deck - If the "shoe" is dispensing undesirable cards, the deck formed is called a "cold deck" and vice versa with a "hot deck."

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